As an added bonus these plants are highly drought tolerant once established. This is the only palm native to Europe and it is hardier than most palms. [11]. [4], Trachycarpus fortunei has been cultivated in China and Japan for thousands of years, for its coarse but very strong leaf sheath fibre, used for making rope, sacks, and other coarse cloth where great strength is important. European fan palm is a slow-growing, clumping palm that grows 8 to 15 feet tall and spreads 6 to 10 feet wide. It was first described by Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius in 1850 in his Historia Naturalis Palmarum but under the illegitimate name of Chamaerops excelsa. Another benefit of European fan palm is that it seems to be resistant to lethal yellowing disease which is a problem for many palm species. Its palmate leaves can add a tropical look to your landscape in a variety of ways, perhaps for poolside ambiance or as a landscape accent piece. [3][4], Occasionally a male plant of T. fortunei, besides the usual spadices, produces a few other spadices carrying really hermaphroditic flowers. Over the last four decades as a palm nurseryman, it has not been unusual that I've had to convince people to try fan palms. [1][3][5][6], Windmill palm is one of the hardiest palms. The biggest thing to remember about these palms is to fertilize them regularly, particularly during the growing season.

WCSP, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: "National Institute for Environmental Studies -,, Windmill Palm Trees- Tropical Accent Plants- Cold Hardy for Northern United States and Canadian Gardens,, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2011, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. New cuttings should be planted in a soil rich in organic matter.

Planting the palm in a big enough pot for its root system should eliminate the need to repot, unless the soil is depleted or it outgrows its pot.

These plants are frequently used as large indoor potted plants. Chinese Fan Palm: Christmas Palm: Chusan Palm: Coconut Palm: Edible Date Palm: European Fan Palm: Fishtail Palm: Foxtail Palm: Guadalupe Palm: Indian Date Palm: Majestic Palm: Montgomery Palm: Paurotis Palm: Pigmy Date Palm: Pindo or Jelly Palm: Queen Palm: Senegal Date Palm: Royal Palm: Mexican Palmetto: Dwarf Palmetto : Sabal Palm: Sylvester Palm: Tiger Palm: Triangle Palm: Washington Palm … Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Average, medium-moisture, well-drained soil, East Asia; widely naturalized in many subtropical areas. The fronds are held on curved, short trunks. European fan palm grows in partial sun and partial shade. It’s a good idea to remove the palm’s dead leaves at the bottom of the crown about once a year.

This is the only palm native to Europe and it is hardier than most palms.

[3][4], The flowers are yellow (male) and greenish (female), about 2–4 mm (0.079–0.157 in) across, borne in large branched panicles up to 1 m (3 ft 3 in) long in spring; it is dioecious, with male and female flowers produced on separate trees. Beccari, Odoardo: 1931 "Asiatic Palms, Corypheae", Martius, Carl Friedrich Philipp von: 1850, Stührk, Chris: 2006 "Molekularsystematische Studien in der Subtribus Thrinacinae, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Gattung Trachycarpus H. Wendl". In North America, mature specimens can be found growing in the coastal areas of the Pacific Northwest, the upper southern states, and Mid-Atlantic states. Also discussed are the many types of fan palm trees and reasons why fan palms should be part of every palm enthusiast's garden. It is also great for indoors and can be used as a houseplant. These wide and attractive leaves can range from a deep green to bluish-green. The species was brought from Japan (Dejima) to Europe by the German physician Philipp Franz von Siebold in 1830. It can be expected to live for 40 years or so. ", The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The Mediterranean Palm – Chamaerops humilis. Chinese fan palms will grow well in almost any average soil that receives a modest amount of moisture. Indoors, the tree does best with lots of bright indirect light, but out of direct sunlight. European fan palm is a slow-growing, clumping palm that grows 8 to 15 feet tall and spreads 6 to 10 feet wide. These palms can also propagate from cuttings—just cut away some shoots and repot them, making sure to keep the cuttings out of direct sun as their roots develop.

Though native only to eastern Asia, these specimens have naturalized across the world because of their adaptability and toughness. Like most palms, a Chinese fan palm growing in a container doesn’t need to be repotted often, since growing in a pot greatly slows its growth. The extent of this cultivation means that the exact natural range of the species is uncertain. The Chinese fan palm is closely related to other Asian fan palms, such as Livistona carinensis and the Australia red cabbage palm (Livistona mariae), but many of its relatives are very rare. Though the palm does need some water, its watering can be scaled back once the growing season ends. It differs in rarely growing to more than 5 m (16 ft) tall, with leaflets less than 45 cm (18 in) long; the short stature and small leaves give it greater tolerance of wind exposure. The diminutive European fan palm is silver-green, slow-growing and one of the most easy-care, cold hardy palms for South Florida. In the UK it has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[7][8]. The diameter of the trunk is up to 15–30 cm (6–12 in).

Beccari, Odoardo: 1920 "Recens Palme Vecchio Mondo". This palm is very cold hardy and can tolerate drought which makes is great for desert conditions. This palm is an excellent choice for the southwestern desert landscape. Get it free when you sign up for our newsletter. Give them space in a large room with high ceilings, in a spot that receives plenty of bright indirect light. Watch out for nutrient deficiency in the Chinese fan palm, especially potassium deficiency. North Florida gardeners can rejoice at the hardiness of these palms which grow in zones 8 to 11. While it may grow slower in the shade, the fronds will grow slightly larger than when it is grown with more sunlight. This slow-growing palm will grow faster if regularly fertilized, which also will prevent it from developing a nutritional deficiency. They are however not salt tolerant. This tree does best with lots of sunlight but it can tolerate part shade, as well. The names Chamaerops excelsus and Trachycarpus excelsus have occasionally been misapplied to Trachycarpus fortunei; these are correctly synonyms of Rhapis excelsa, with the confusion arising due to a misunderstanding of Japanese vernacular names. Beccari, Odoardo: 1905 "Le Palme del Genere Trachycarpus". The fruit is a yellow to blue-black, reniform (kidney-shaped) drupe 10–12 mm (0.39–0.47 in) long, ripening in mid-autumn. This slow-growing tree has a bushy growth habit when young, but over 10 years or so it will extend a single trunk that supports overhead foliage. It does well in both humid and fairly dry air conditions. The cultivar group Trachycarpus fortunei 'Wagnerianus' is a small-leafed semi-dwarf variant of the species selected in cultivation in China and Japan. But indoor plants will easily absorb two or three light waterings per week, provided the roots don't soak in water. It is a somewhat variable plant, especially as regards its general appearance; and some specimens are to be seen with leaf segments having straight and others having drooping tips. The Chinese fan palm is a good palm for beginners because of its hardiness. The "Mediterranean Fan Palm," as it's often called, is a multi-trunk palm yet it stays very compact and won't outgrow a small area. European fan palm, sometimes called Mediterranean fan palm, also works well when grown in containers or clustered in the landscape. [1][3][6], Individuals belonging to a similar species, Trachycarpus takil, have survived a very harsh winter spell in Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Plus, it's on the Florida-Friendly Landscaping™ plant list.

An 8-2-12 palm fertilizer is best, and fertilization is even more important if it’s grown outside. In the published literature on plant use and care, it is often lumped in with other fan palms, such as the European fan palm (Chamaerops humilis) which it closely resembles. Maybe something multi-trunked and compact? The fine-textured fronds make this palm stand out from other plants in the landscape. However, it is not the northernmost naturally occurring palm in the world, as European fan palm (Chamaerops humilis) grows further north in the Mediterranean. The Chinese fan palm propagates by seed, although in practice the seeds can take a very long time to germinate and you may be better served to buy a young specimen from a nursery. It makes a stylish accent for any home, especially those with a Spanish or Mediterranean flair.

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