12Then Jesus entered the temple and drove out all who were selling and buying in the temple, and he overturned the tables of the money ... View more, Jesus Cleanses the Temple

[2] Jerusalem was packed with Jews who had come for Passover, perhaps numbering 300,000 to 400,000 pilgrims.[3][4]. Do I need to cleanse my heart of attitudes or actions that are coming between me and God?

The temple incident depicted in the canonical Gospels is one of the more certain details from the life of Jesus, but scholars debate what the action signified. Jesus was so filled with anger at the desecration of the holy place that he took some cords and wove them into a small whip. [1][5] This occurred in the outermost court of the gentiles. The temple action occurs at the start of John’s Gospel and thus at the beginning of Jesus’ public. [2][19], A common interpretation is that Jesus was reacting to the practice of money changers routinely cheating the people, but Marvin L. Krier Mich observes that a good deal of money was stored at the temple, where it could be loaned by the wealthy to the poor who were in danger of losing their land to debt. He also prevented people from using the court as a shortcut. The Temple establishment therefore co-operated with the aristocracy in the exploitation of the poor.

[17][page needed], Butler University professor James F. McGrath explains that the animal sales were related to selling animals for use in the animal sacrifices in the Temple. In the temple courts he found people selling cattle, sheep and doves, and others sitting at tables exchanging money. This phrase incorporates a phrase from the Psalm 8:2, "from the lips of children and infants," believed by followers to be an admission of divinity by Jesus.[1][5]. The common people were impressed by Jesus' teaching, but the chief priests and scribes feared him because of his popularity.

In Mark 12:40 and Luke 20:47 Jesus accused the Temple authorities of thieving and this time he names poor widows as their victims, going on to provide evidence of this in Mark 12:42 and Luke 21:2. The cleansing of the Temple narrative tells of Jesus expelling the merchants and the money changers from the Temple, and occurs in all four canonical gospels of the New Testament.    |    Terms of Use    |    Donate, https://www.bibleodyssey.org:443/en/passages/main-articles/jesus-and-the-moneychangers, Commerce and the Temple in First-Century Jerusalem, Aspects of Historicity in the Fourth Gospel. Bible scholars think this incident happened at Solomon's Porch, the outermost part on the east side of the Temple. During the Jewish high holidays, priests that changed money and sold sacrificial animals infiltrated the holy precincts and charged extortionate prices; this is the reason why Jesus drove them out of the temple. This puts Jesus in line with the actions of Israel’s earlier prophets and agrees with the words that John 2:19 has Jesus utter on this occasion: “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” Jesus seems to have envisaged that the temple would be removed to make room for whatever more perfect state of affairs would replace it in the kingdom of God. Jesus Christ and his disciples journeyed to Jerusalem to celebrate the feast of Passover. The ritual killing and offering of animals to deities, often on an altar and intended as good for the gods. Jesus cleansed the Temple because sinful activities interfered with worship. It was not the animal vendors and money-changers he criticised as much as the Temple establishment who allowed it. Bible scholars think this incident happened at Solomon's Porch, the outermost part on the east side of the Temple. In John’s version, Jesus actually takes the time to make a whip from cords (John 2:15). 17 And as he taught them, he said, “Is it not written: ‘My house will be called a house of prayer for all nations’ [ a ] ? ©Copyright 2019, Society of Biblical Literature Matthew, Mark, and Luke agree that this is the event that functioned as the 'trigger' for Jesus' death.

Claims about the Temple cleaning episode in the Gospel of John can be combined with non-biblical historical sources to obtain an estimate of when it occurred. Fig Tree Cursed in the Synoptic Gospels, Jesus expelling the merchants and the money changers from the Temple. ", Learn Religions uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. By using Learn Religions, you accept our. Jesus drove out the money changers from the Temple on Monday of Passion Week, just three days before the Passover and four days before his crucifixion. The cleansing of the Temple narrative tells of Jesus expelling the merchants and the money changers from the Temple, and occurs in all four canonical gospels of the New Testament. Some scholars believe that these refer to two separate incidents, given that the Gospel of John also includes more than one Passover. And what motivated Jesus to drive money changers and sellers of animals out of the temple courts? Ancient temples were primarily places for. We should not think that the presence of noisy animals and commerce bothered Jesus just because they spoiled the worshipful atmosphere. It is possible that the complex was only a few years completed when the future Emperor Titus destroyed the Temple in 70 AD. Harold W. Attridge on the events that led to Jesus' execution. A gospel is an account that describes the life of Jesus of Nazareth. But some may have thought that the presence of Gentiles, viewed as inherently unclean, was no more and no less defiling than the presence of animal dung.

One of the first acts of the First Jewish-Roman War was the burning of the debt records in the archives.

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