Tis research report tries to establish the relationship between the freedom of association and assembly oﬄine and online, and analyses how they intersect and inﬂuence each other. It further identiﬁes legal challenges, laws, policies, and the manner in which state and non-state actors regulate Internet rather than following inherent principles of free and open Internet to bring equal freedoms in all forms — expression, speech, association and assembly. Tis report explores and analyses India’s position on various freedoms and governance mechanisms to understand how it aﬀects the freedom of association and assembly online.
The study aims to assist decision makers, civil society organisations (CSOs), telecom regulators, policy makers and national and international human rights and internet rights advocates in assessing the state of internet freedoms in India. Further, the report will help identify policy gaps, recommendation points and key stakeholders who can play vital roles in reforming policies, and may assist in the development of advocacy strategies to reform laws, improve internet governance and policies to protect human rights online and offline. Finally, this research seeks to contribute to understanding of how the internet can help promote and strengthen human rights.