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Status of forest cover in Delhi district, India

Status of Forest Cover in Delhi-2017

Forest has paramount importance in the lives of living beings; its significance dabbles in cities. Therefore, it is essential to have a close look over the forest cover of the city. Delhi being a capital city needs to set examples for other cities in every aspect.

The total geographical area of Delhi city is 1483 sq.km and it has forest cover over of 192.41 sq.km as per India State of Forest Report-2017, which is almost 13 per cent.

Source: India State of Forest Report-2017

District wise distribution of forest cover reveals the clear picture of the city. South Delhi has 83.35-sq.km forest cover, which is maximum among all districts. North-West Delhi is the largest district of Delhi; it has only 17.55-sq.km forest cover.

 

Source: India State of Forest Report-2017

New Delhi district (46.89%) has the maximum per cent of forest cover followed by South Delhi (33.34%). North-West Delhi (3.99%) has the least per cent of forest cover among all districts. It is an urgent need to increase forest cover in entire districts except for South and New Delhi respectively.

Keeping the issue in the mind Delhi government has initiated a massive drive of tree plantation. In September 2018, the Delhi government has planted about five lakhs trees in the city. Nearly one lakh students and residents participated in the campaign at 600 locations across the city to fight air pollution.

 

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Employability status in the country

Employability Status in the Country

The skill gap is one of the prominent reason behind the high rate of unemployment in India. Skills and Employability have the strong positive correlation. In recent past years, India has shown remarkable interest for skills development program to increase the employability of individuals. 

Source: India Skills Report 2018
Disclaimer: Employability Score here does not include Participation from IITs IIMs NITs and other premier institutes of the country

Overall employability in the country has risen from 40.44% to 45.60% over last year. As per the India Skills Report 2018, 45.60% of students are employable or are ready to take-up jobs. The data given in the report shows that in the last five years employability rate has gone up from 34% to more than 45%, which shows more availability of employable resources to the economy.

Global agencies have identified unemployment as a challenge. As per the estimation of International Labour Organization (ILO), presently 75 million young people are unemployed worldwide. The present scenario not only represent a large number of untapped talent but also shows a social unrest and individual despair.

 

The image below shows the Top 10 highest employability states as per the India Skills Report 2018.

 

Image source: India Skills Report 2018

 

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Road accident happened during 2011 to 2015 in Delhi

Safety on roads is the priority of any commuter in the city, despite many road safety programmes, every day several accidents happen on the roads. The status of road accidents in Delhi happened between year 2011 to 2015 given in the figure below. It shows that on an average 22 accidents happened every day in the city, in the year 2015, in which 4 to 5 people died every day.

 

Source: www.data.gov.in

However, the trend line of the person killed in an accident shows a steady decline in numbers. In 2011, there were 2065 people killed in road accidents, which came down to 1682 in the year 2015. Altogether, 9044 people lost their lives in the road accidents from 2011 to 2015. A maximum number of accidents and people injured in the year 2014, on an average, every hour an accident happened in this year.

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Facebook: A giant of social networking sites

We are more connected and updated over the social networking with our family and friend. The virtual world is full of social networking sites and we are feeding these websites every day with our daily information. Facebook is one of the top social networking site in the world with 2234 million active users until the second quarter of 2018.

Sources: Sources: We Are Social; Kepios; SimilarWeb; TechCrunch; Apptopia; Fortune

Facebook launched in the year 2004, now it is a 14 years old social networking platform. In all these years, it has gained 2234 million users. In the recent decade (2010 to July 2018), Facebook has added 1626 million fresh users. A large number of users made it the top website among the all social networking sites.

 

Source: Facebook

 

Facebook has the responsibility to protect the personalized information of users and keeping the credibility of the platform. A large number of available information on this website attract hackers to breach the information.
At the end of September 2018, Facebook engineers discovered a breach in the website. Around 50 million Facebook user’s account compromised by the attack that gave accesses to hackers to take over user’s account.

 

Source: Facebook

Annual growth of Facebook users depicted in the above figure, it shows that on an average Facebook adding more than 200 million users every year.  In the years 2013-14, Facebook was the low performer in term of adding new users. However, in the last two years (2016-17) it performed quite well in adding new users.

 

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Pattern of using NOTA button in 2014’s general election

In the year 2013, the Supreme Court (SC) has given the power to reject the entire contesting candidates in the election process by selecting “None of the Above (NOTA)”. Before this, it was not in practice; elector has to select one of the contesting candidates to exercise their voting right. The power of the NOTA button was widely used in 2014, general electing of India.  Figure mention below depicts the pattern of using NOTA option during the general election of 2014 in different states of India.

Source: Election Commission of India

The electors of Puducherry (2.47%) and Meghalaya (1.92%) were the leading in pressing NOTA option during the election. Gujarat and Tamil Nadu were the large population states where NOTA option reported more than 1 per cent. There were around 18 large and small population states where NOTA button exercised between 0.5 to 1 per cent.  However, the percentage of electors opting NOTA button was significantly less but picture changed when it comes in numbers. Altogether, 55.40 lakhs voters were not convinced with any of the contestant, contested in their constituency during last general election (2014).

 

Number of voters exercised NOTA button iGeneral Election of India 2014

State Total Number of Electors TOTAL Number of Nota voted Total % of NOTA
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 269360 1564 0.58%
Andhra Pradesh 64934138 340554 0.52%
Arunachal Pradesh 759344 6321 0.83%
Assam 18837713 147057 0.78%
Bihar 63800160 580964 0.91%
Chandigarh 615214 3106 0.50%
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 196597 2962 1.51%
Daman & Diu 111827 1316 1.18%
Goa 1060777 10103 0.95%
Gujarat 40603104 454885 1.12%
Haryana 16097233 34220 0.21%
Himachal Pradesh 4810071 29155 0.61%
Jammu & Kashmir 7183129 31550 0.44%
Jharkhand 20349796 190927 0.94%
Karnataka 46209813 257881 0.56%
Kerala 24326650 210563 0.87%
Lakshadweep 49922 123 0.25%
Madhya Pradesh 48121301 391837 0.81%
Maharashtra 80798823 433171 0.54%
Manipur 1774369 7504 0.42%
Meghalaya 1567241 30145 1.92%
Mizoram 702170 6495 0.92%
Nagaland 1182972 2696 0.23%
NCT OF Delhi 12711164 39690 0.31%
Puducherry 901357 22268 2.47%
Punjab 19608161 58754 0.30%
Rajasthan 42994657 327911 0.76%
Sikkim 370770 4332 1.17%
Tamil Nadu 55114867 581782 1.06%
Tripura 2388822 23783 1.00%
Uttar Pradesh 138810557 592331 0.43%
Uttarakhand 7127057 48043 0.67%
West Bengal 62833113 571294 0.91%

Source: Election Commission of India

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Speed of Business Decision Making

The most important concern for organizations today is the poor speed of decision making. Forrester Consulting and Jama Software highlight the impact in their research – “One-third of all products are delivered late or incomplete due to an inability or delay in decision-making”. Gartner attributes ‘poor speed of decision making’ as the primary obstacle hindering internal communications

These small delays, though seemly inconsequential, when compounded over a period and consisting of thousands of decisions, lead to slow and painful death of the entity – accelerated in the current disruptive marketplace that has become a reality. Forrester estimates that 48 minutes are wasted waiting on decisions for every hour that the product team spends working on the product. So in a typical 8 hour workday, wait time account for 3.5 hours. Can any entity really afford this? If we avoid delivering products late to market, think of the possibilities for savings and new opportunities that we can capitalize on.

The traditional approach of reviewing internal processes, conducting root cause analysis (RCA), identifying gaps in knowledge or competency and suggesting a definite course of action, has met with limited success. Challenge is to get people to collaborate which is related to linking strategies with execution, goals to actions.

Franklin Covey, a global leader in effectiveness training, commissioned Harris Interactive to study organizational goals and priorities by polling 11,045 adult US workers. The results were starling and plausible reasons for slow decision making. Only 44% of the workers said they clearly understood their organizations most important goals, 19% had clearly defined roles and only 9% believed that their work had a strong link to their organizations top priorities. There is a definite lack of emotional connect wherein only 19% felt a strong level of commitment to their organization’s top priorities. Also the workers don’t stay on track. Only 49% of their time is spent on activities directly linked to their organization’s key priorities while 32% is spent on urgent but less important tasks and balance 19% on petty politics and bureaucracy. Just 12% of the respondents reported monthly review of individual performance with their manager. There is a definite lack of trust and willingness to collaborate. Just 31% expressed themselves honestly and candidly at work, while a high 66% accepted that they fail to collaborate for a “win-win” atmosphere. 51% felt collective lack of focus and execution on truly important goals. (source Business Wire)

Some companies embraced purposeful collaboration using technology to streamline decision-making. They implemented advanced collaboration technologies to create review processes that work in parallel with one another, resulting in reduced waiting time. Unique opportunities for making several decisions simultaneously arose when people were brought into process earlier than the cycle. The technical solution (construct) replicated social networking design, enabling communication in real time, to manage complexity. A central repository of everything related to the product (service) facilitated faster and better decisions. Encouraging active discussions between individuals working on related parts of the product (service) led to deeper insights. It became possible to identify instances of duplicate work or other (related) teams working on something similar, creating opportunities for implementing templates for core design elements. An individual was no longer required to make decisions in isolation but encouraged to seek expert advice where required.

On the people side, it involves sharing the big picture (vision), good understanding of organization’s top goals and priorities, encouraging more problem solving where employees take initiative to seek information rather than passively sitting back waiting to be assigned their next task, and making decisions in parallel. The traditional way of linear decision becomes irrelevant in today’s dynamic environment. It creates apathetic teams inept at coping with current times where decision making needs to be trans-formative not just effective.

This is only possible when there is clarity in organizational strategy, goals and how it’s going to be executed – the role that individuals are going to play in making that a reality. Closely tied is a need to foster an environment of trust and collaboration, where one is aware of her own self and the ability to work in teams.

It is imperative that people and technology come together to produce winning solutions.

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Impact of General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

GDPR is a regulation that requires businesses to protect the personal data and privacy of EU citizens for transactions that occur within EU member states. And non-compliance could cost the companies dearly.

When EU made the hue and cry, that’s when many people around the world realised the importance of the law. Until then, many companies in the name of collecting and storing data were passing it to their network/associations for their business connect and reach.

When the dire need to implement the law was done on 25th May 2018.  It set to force, sweeping changes in everything from technology to advertising, and medicine to banking. The big companies began to tremble and were put on focus.  Major issues were pointed on Facebook, Aadhar, Google, Apple and the likes. The law is enforced in EU, but as most of the companies have a global presence they are impacted too.

Now the people are given options to view their security information, which all apps take their personal data and also we can have a check on what’s put in to use.

India’s Vision of Data Empowerment

While many countries  (like the EU) focus on making data safer, India is trying to empower individuals with their data database –their ability to easily and quickly access, manage, and move that data. Their vision is to bring significant consumer benefits.

For example, extracting records of commercial transactions in a suitable format and sharing them with a lender can help individuals secure loans; porting data from universities to prospective employers can make applying for jobs more efficient; and a consumer may more easily adopt different technology platforms (e.g., a music service, a social network, a mobile operating system) if she can easily port data to those platforms from platforms she already uses.

Indian IT giants like Infosys, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), and Mindtree, which service European clients, will see an outsized impact of the new regulations, smaller Indian firms aren’t immune. Be it e-commerce sites with users logging in from, say, Belgium, or an India-based e-payments gateway accessed by someone in Abroad, all companies—tech and otherwise—will need to tweak their terms and conditions to reflect the new rules.

“Digital marketing will be most affected once GDPR comes into effect, as promotional e-mails sent without the recipient’s prior consent will call for a heavy price.

Not just India but many countries in the world are working hard to get the things on track.

And as India looks at drafting its own privacy rules this year we hope new rules benefit the society and the country.  It’s the individual’s responsibility to not let go of more personal information and be aware of the consequences. Jadeite being a year old company keeps in check with the latest laws and regulations and adheres to the compliance.